How Healthcare App Data Can Help Predict Disease Outbreaks

predicting disease outbreaks

How real-time data from healthcare apps can help predict and control disease outbreaks and epidemics.

Every year, an epidemic results in the loss of 250,000 to 500,000 lives worldwide. These losses can be greatly reduced with an accurate model predicting disease outbreaks, so that necessary flu shots and other medical measures can be deployed in time.

This is where real-time data comes into play, aiding in the forecast of an epidemic by pooling information from various data and reporting sources. Ever since Google came up with their revolutionary Google Flu Trends, predicting disease outbreaks has become a hot topic in the medical and digital world.

Google Flu Trends: not enough data

Google search queries for epidemic illness symptoms peak during the flu season. The main purpose of Google Flu Trends was to fine-tune the data collected by the Center For Disease Control and Prevention  (CDC), with which they claimed they could predict the sickness outbreak two weeks in advance.

The CDC collects data related to various sickness treatments in and around the United States, reporting the status of epidemic outbreaks all year round. The World Health Organization also collects similar data from around the world to predict epidemic outbreaks. However, this data isn’t always enough to make accurate predictions.

Sadly, Google Flu Trends failed miserably in 2013 when they missed the peak flu-season prediction by 140 percent. Google Flu Trends was not really a success because they relied on data from only one source– their search engine queries.

Real-time data needed

As unsuccessful as it was, Google Flu Trends did provide enough data to help the prediction model to an extent. Wikipedia is also becoming a great real-time data source, as views for such epidemic illness increase during the peak season.

Real-time data, however, is the key ingredient to understanding the impact of a given disease in a particular year. The flu, for example, isn’t constant every year and can strike at any time between the months of October and February. For 2016, a model from Los Alamos National Lab suggests that the flu season will begin by February and has a 1 percent chance of impact before that.

In addition to search-engine queries, social media sites can be used to gather related real-time data. Analysts target keywords related to the epidemic illness, like “flu”, “cold”, etc. in social conversations to improve predictive analysis.

There are several other great real-time online data sources that users visit when they have certain symptoms that point towards a particular illness. The data collected through such sources, along with traditional sources, has helped increase the prediction success rate. However, the prediction success rate is only at 60 percent – a good start, but a long way to go. More real-time data is needed to improve the prediction model, which takes us to the next data source: mobile apps.

Predicting disease outbreaks with healthcare app data

In recent years, healthcare mobile apps have evolved at a blinding pace. Users rely on multiple apps to keep them healthy and fit. The fitness apps tell them what to eat and how to exercise (think Strava, FitBit and Lose It!) and on-demand medical apps remind users about their medication and allow them to contact their doctors through the app itself (Doctor On Demand, Bond Intelligent Care, and PocketPharmacist).

Data from apps could help the predictive model greatly. Since these mobile apps are already connected to the Internet, it’s easy to gather the necessary analytics data and run it through the model when needed. For instance, with fitness apps, data might be gathered to get a baseline of “normal” physical activity in a particular area. When severe fluctuations occur that aren’t weather based, red flags would then go up.

predicting disease outbreaksFor healthcare apps, data could be gathered on reported symptoms and diagnoses. Many healthcare mobile apps already use their data to do predictive analysis of a particular patient and their conditions. If such healthcare apps open source their data related to reported epidemic diseases, then the CDC can use this information to make accurate predictions across all cities. If these on-demand apps had their healthcare app developers create a simple HIPAA compliant API, then the CDC, WHO, and other organizations could enhance predictive models with real-time, possible outbreak data obtained from the apps.

With the failure of Google Flu Trends, it was proven that cumulative data from multiple sources improves the prediction model greatly. Now, by integrating said data with the real-time data from on-demand mobile apps, the prediction model gets the necessary intelligence that is needed to give more accurate results and save lives.

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About Krithika Siddharth

Krithika is the senior content writer at Innoppl. When she isn’t writing about marketing, open source trends, app development and healthcare app development, you can find her running behind her 3-year-old son and on the quest to find the best carrot cake recipe (with cream cheese <3)! Follow her on Twitter @InnopplInc.

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